Microsoft Excel Translator

The Microsoft Excel Translator, known by the type name excel, exposes querying functionality to Excel documents using File Data Sources. Microsoft Excel is a popular spreadsheet software that is used by all the organizations across the globe for simple reporting purposes. This translator provides an easy way read a Excel spreadsheet and provide contents of the spreadsheet in the tabular form that can be integrated with other sources in Teiid.

"Does it only work on Windows?" - No, it works on all platforms, including Windows and Linux. This translator uses Apache POI libraries to access the Excel documents which are platform independent.


The below table describes how Excel translator interprets the data in Excel document into relational terms.

Excel Term Relational Term






Row of data


Column Definition or Data of a column

Excel translator supports "source metadata" feature, where given Excel workbook, it can introspect and build the schema based on the Sheets defined inside it. There are options available for you guide, to be able to detect header columns and data columns in a work sheet to define the correct metadata of a table.

VDB Example

The below shows an example of a VDB, that shows a exposing a Excel Document.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<vdb name="excelvdb" version="1">
    <model name="excel">
        <property name="importer.headerRowNumber" value="1"/>
        <property name="importer.ExcelFileName" value="names.xls"/>
        <source name="connector" translator-name="excel"  connection-jndi-name="java:/fileDS"/>

"connection-jndi-name" in above represents connection to Excel document. The Excel translator does NOT provide a connection to the Excel Document. For that purpose, Teiid uses File JCA adapter that provides a connection to Excel. To define such connector, see File Data Sources or see an example in "<jboss-as>/docs/teiid/datasources/file". Once you configure both of the above, you can deploy them to Teiid Server and access the Excel Document using JDBC/ODBC/OData protocol.

Designer VDB

If you are using Designer Tooling, to create Excel based VDB

  • Create/use a Teiid Designer Model project

  • Use "Teiid Connection >> Source Model" importer, create File Data Source using data source creation wizard and use excel as translator in the importer. Based on the Excel document relevant relational tables will be created.

  • Create a VDB and deploy into Teiid Server and and access the Excel Document using JDBC/ODBC/OData protocol.

"Headers in Document?" - If you have headers in the Excel document, you can guide the import process to select the cell headers as the column names in the table creation process. See "Import Properties" section below on defining the "import" properties.

Import Properties

Import properties guide the schema generation part during the deployment of the VDB. This can be used in a native import or while using "Teiid Connection >> Source Model" in Teiid Designer.

Property Name Description Default


Defines the name of the Excel Document to import metadata. This can be defined as a file pattern (*.xls), however when defined as pattern all files must be of same format and the translator will choose an arbitrary file to import metadata from. Use file pattern to read data from multiple Excel documents in the same directory, in single file case choose the absolute name.



Defines the cell header information to be used as column names

optional, default is first data row of sheet


Defines the row number where the data rows start

optional, default is first data row of sheet

It is highly recommended that you define all the above importer properties, such that information inside the Excel Document is correctly interpreted.

Purely numerical cells in a column contain containing mixed types will have a string form matching their decimal representation, thus integral values will have .0 appended. If you need the exact text representation, then cell must be a string value which can be forced by putting a single quote ' in front of the numeric text of the cell, or by putting a single space in front of the numeric text.

Translator Extension Properties

Excel specific execution properties:

  • FormatStrings- Format non-string cell values in a string column according to the worksheet format. Defaults to false.

Metadata Extension Properties

Metadata Extension Properties are the properties that are defined on the schema artifacts like Table, Column, Procedure etc, to describe how the translator needs to interact or interpret with source systems. All the properties are defined with namespace '[\]', which also has a recognized alias 'teiid_excel'.

Property Name Schema Item Property Belongs To Description Mandatory



Defines Excel Document name or name pattern (*.xls). File pattern can be used to read data from multiple files.




Defines the row number where records start in the sheet (applies to every sheet)



Column of Table

Defines cell number to use for reading data of particular column


The below shows an example table that is defined using the Extension Metadata Properties.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<vdb name="excelvdb" version="1">
    <model name="excel">
        <source name="connector" translator-name="excel"  connection-jndi-name="java:/fileDS"/>
         <metadata type="DDL"><![CDATA[
             CREATE FOREIGN TABLE Person (
                ROW_ID integer OPTIONS (SEARCHABLE 'All_Except_Like', "teiid_excel:CELL_NUMBER" 'ROW_ID'),
                FirstName string OPTIONS (SEARCHABLE 'Unsearchable', "teiid_excel:CELL_NUMBER" '1'),
                LastName string OPTIONS (SEARCHABLE 'Unsearchable', "teiid_excel:CELL_NUMBER" '2'),
                Age integer OPTIONS (SEARCHABLE 'Unsearchable', "teiid_excel:CELL_NUMBER" '3'),
             ) OPTIONS ("NAMEINSOURCE" 'Sheet1',"teiid_excel:FILE" 'names.xlsx', "teiid_excel:FIRST_DATA_ROW_NUMBER" '2')
        ]]> </metadata>
"Extended capabilities using ROW_ID column" - If you define column, that has extension metadata property "CELL_NUMBER" with value "ROW_ID", then that column value contains the row information from Excel document. You can mark this column as Primary Key. You can use this column in SELECT statements with a restrictive set of capabilities including: comparison predicates, IN predicates and LIMIT. All other columns can not be used as predicates in a query.
User does not have to depend upon "source metadata" import, or Designer tool import to create the schema represented by Excel document, they can manually create a source table and add the appropriate extension properties to make a fully functional model. If you introspect the schema model created by the import, it would look like above.

TIP:Currently Excel translator does not support updates.

JCA Resource Adapter

The Teiid specific Excel Resource Adapter does not exist, user should use File JCA adapter with this translator. See File Data Sources for opening a File based connection.

Native Queries

This feature is not applicable for Excel translator.

Direct Query Procedure

This feature is not applicable for Excel translator.

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